Dog mange is a highly contagious skin condition caused by an infestation of mites. Mange can affect wild animals, domestic animals and even humans. There are a number of different types of mange in dogs, and depending on the severity, mange can lead to serious illness and death. Mange is often misdiagnosed for an allergy or other skin condition. It is important to know what to look for when dealing with mange in order to properly diagnose and treat.
It is also important to understand how your dog could have contracted mange and other symptoms to look for along with excessive itching. If you suspect your dog may have mange, you should take him to the veterinarian right away to avoid serious infestation and secondary illnesses.
Types of Mange
Demodectic (Red Mange): This condition occurs when a dog has an underdeveloped or weak immune system. Mites may produce more rapidly if the dog is under stress or is malnourished. The symptoms worsen depending on the condition of the immune system and the amount of mites on the skin. Red mange symptoms include hair loss and itching, and is usually on various areas of the dog.
Sarcoptic Scabies: Scabies is another name for mange. This form of mange causes dogs to itch and scratch themselves to the point of self injury. Sarcoptic scabies can lead to red bumps on the skin surrounded by crust and thick skin. Other symptoms of Sarcoptic scabies include swollen lymph nodes, weight loss and lethargy.
Cheyletiellosis: Symptoms are most noticeable on the back and include red, hairless and patchy areas on the skin. Excessive itching will cause scaling and flaking of the skin. Treatment of Cheyletiellosis usually depends on the overall hygiene of the dog.
Trombiculiasis: This condition is very common in range dogs. Skin irritations including rashes or red patchy areas are the only symptoms noticeable in Trombiculiasis.
Ododectic Mange: This form of mange is found on the head and in and around the ears. Redness and itching along with head shaking are the most common symptoms in ododectic mange. These ear mites are often mistaken for ear infections.
Treating Mange In Dogs
If you suspect your dog has mange, it is very important to contact your veterinarian right away to immediately begin a treatment plan specifically designed for your dog’s infection. Dog mange treatment can be a difficult task, as missing one small dosage or incompletion of treatment may lead to a re-infestation very quickly.
Be sure to note that any animal that has come into contact with an infected dog must also be treated for mange, even if no symptoms are present. Regular house cleaning and grooming can help prevent mange and help to control infestations. You should have minimal contact with your dog during treatment for mange as well, because humans may contract mange from dogs.
Mange is most easily treated with medicated shampoos, topical ointments and dips. The use of medicated ointments and dips may take between four to six weeks before the infection is cured. Depending on the type of mange your dog has will depend on the type of treatment he may need.
If your veterinarian prescribes a medicated dip or topical ointment for dog mange treatment, the hair should be clipped as short as possible to ensure the product works on the skin. Sometimes antibiotics or dandruff shampoo may also be prescribed.
For more information about dog mange, treatment options, home remedies and pictures, visit www.dogmangehelp.com
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