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Diabetes and Your Dog

What is Dog Diabetes?

Dog diabetes usually surfaces between the ages of 7 and 9. About one out of every ten dogs will suffer from diabetes. The most common type of dog diabetes is known as diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes is when the pancreas cannot produce enough natural insulin to prevent glucose levels from rising in your dogʼs system. If the levels of glucose get too high, they will leak into the kidneys and cause infections and eventually lead to other internal problems.

Unfortunately, there is not cure for dog diabetes, but it can be managed well if caught at an early stage. There are a few common symptoms to look for when dealing with dog diabetes.

Symptoms of Dog Diabetes

Frequent Urination – Frequent urination throughout the day may be a sign of diabetes. Increased urination is caused by excess glucose which cannot process normally in the bloodstream, so your dogʼs body will try to rid of it through urination. Frequent urination will also cause extreme thirst.

Weight Loss or Weight Gain – Weight fluctuation could be caused by a few different things. If your dog is losing weight, it could be because of lack of energy. However, it is more common for dogs to gain weight during diabetes because they cannot burn sugar as quickly as a normal dog could.

Excess Consumption of Water – Your dog will consume lots of water for a few reasons. The first being because of excess urination. It is a vicious cycle between drinking water and urinating throughout the day. Another reason is because of an overproduction of glucose, which cannot be properly metabolized in his system. This will cause thirst.

Tiredness and No Energy – Dogs should not be sleeping all day everyday. Lethargy is usually always a sign that your dog is not well. However, if you notice any other symptoms along with low energy, it could be very likely that your dog has diabetes.

Cataract Formation – Cataracts are caused by an increase in glucose concentrations. Cataracts can form very quickly if diabetes is not caught and treated properly. About 75% of dogs will develop cataracts or blindness within a year of being diagnosed with diabetes. Cataracts need to be removed surgically, but the success rate is very high.

What To Do

Always take your dog to the veterinarian if you suspect he may have diabetes. Diabetes can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis and organ failure if left untreated. Once diabetes has been diagnosed in your dog, itʼs time to begin treatment. It is important to follow a strict treatment plan to best suit your dogʼs case of diabetes.

Some treatments may include:

- Insulin shots. When your dog has diabetes, his natural production of insulin from the pancreas is low. Insulin shots are given and need to be monitored properly to avoid a low blood sugar crisis.
- Diet. Diet is extremely important for diabetic dogs. A good diet is beneficial because it decreases your dogʼs dependency on insulin, controls sugar and carbohydrate levels, and helps your dog to lose weight.
- Supplements. There are many different supplements available to help along with treatment and diet. Some of these supplements include vinegar, vitamin E, cinnamon and Chromium.
- Exercise. It is important to keep your dog active during diabetes. This will help maintain weight and keep diabetes under control.
- Spaying Females. Female dogs are more susceptible to diabetes than males. Lots of owners choose to spay their dogs to help balance hormone levels.

Treatments are different for each dog. Talk to your veterinarian about best options and practices for your dogʼs specific case of diabetes.

You can learn more about dog diabetes causes, treatment option, natural remedies and proper diet information at

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